How are recombinant proteins produced?

Protein production is the biotechnological process of generating a specific protein through expression via a living host cell. It is typically achieved by the manipulation of gene expression in an organism such that it expresses large amounts of a recombinant proteins. This includes the transcription of the recombinant DNA to messenger RNA (mRNA), the translation of mRNA into polypeptide chains, which are ultimately folded into functional proteins and may be targeted to specific subcellular or extracellular locations.

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